Find out about an 'Olfactory Triangle' and 'How To Describe A Fragrance'.
What Is A Perfume Accord ?
The sign of a sophisticated fragrance is that it has a complex ‘accord’ of ingredients rather than just a few strong fruity ingredients.
A perfumer typically describes the ‘accord’ of a fragrance using a ‘fragrance triangle’ (top, heart, base) to classify the ingredients they have used in a perfume, according to their volatility. Top notes are the most volatile and base notes the least. The heart sits at the centre of the perfume and is its very essence.
A Perfume Accord Is Like A Melody
To illustrate this further, a couture perfume may be compared with a melody.
The character of a perfume can be described using this metaphor in which fragrance 'notes' develop according to their volatility and combine to create a harmonious perfume composition.
Like music, it has an accord of deep base notes, middle notes which are its heart and top note accents which capture us and draw us in.
How Do You Describe Perfume ?
The olfactive or perfume description of a fragrance is usually presented with the help of ‘Fragrance Triangle’.
Above is an example of a fragrance triangle or sometimes it also referred to as an 'olfactory pyramid' or 'fragrance pyramid'.
Top notes are light, radiant and fresh. They are the first ingredients that one can perceive and identify when smelling a perfume. These are typically citrus, fruity, herbal or floral oils
The heart is the core and very essence of the of the fragrance.
Once the top notes have developed, the flowers, spices, fruits and aromatic aspects reveal themselves.
The base notes of the perfume give it depth, richness and mystique. These notes in the fond are the foundation of a fragrance and carry the accord.
The base often consists of combinations of vanilla, musk, woods and spices, which also make a fragrance longlasting.
Typically, they have a very low ‘odour dection level’ and their intensity does not reduce by much over time, both of which ensures that they linger a long time in the air or on the skin.
Perfume Description by PAIRFUM
You will find that when you read a fragrance description here at PAIRFUM, that all of our fragrances have an accord with top, heart and base notes.