Pine: a woody, resinous note with the essence of pine needle
We expect that around the sculpture will be a unique fragrance sensation reminiscent of a Fougère (Fern in English) with its interaction between:
a woody, earthy & green note on the one hand, and
watery, damp and cool freshness on the other.
Fougère / Fern is not derived or extract from a ingredient. Instead, it is an accord that endeavours to recreate the note of a green, damp forest through the combination of Lavender, Oakmoss and Coumarin. Fougère Royale by Houbigant is typically credited with being the first of this kind, which has today become a classic masculine fragrance category.
Here at Pairfum London we have two wonderful fragrances in our perfume collection that are classified as Fougère or Fern:
Both perfumes are available in our online boutique in various Home Fragrance products:
Magnificent Magnolias blooming in Great Windsor Park in Spring offer a spectacular sight.
The Valley Gardens, together with The Savill Garden, provide a home to a National Collection of Magnolia trees. Here are some examples:
On leaving the Savill building, visitors are welcomed to a fantastic show by a mature Magnolia loebneri ‘Merrill’, covered in ice-white flowers.
In a far corner of the garden, close to the summer house, is a Magnolia sprengeri ‘Eric Savill’, with large, bold pink flowers.
The Valley Gardens features a glorious collection of rhododendrons, azaleas, camellias and magnolias, best viewed in the spring from the top of the valley, with views down to Virginia Water.
The magnolia family can count approx 200 species mainly found in two regions:
The Magnolia tree was named after Pierre Magnol, the French botanist behind the current nomenclature of botanical classification.
Magnificent Magnolias are significant flowers in Chinese and Japanese culture, and has been cultivated for centuries.
The ‘Magnolia Virginiana’ species (from Virginia) was the first Magnolia to be introduced into Europe. In 1687, it was sent across John Banister, an English missionary and naturalist, to Henry Compton, English bishop and a passionate gardener.
Shortly afterwards, Europe was introduced to Chinese Magnolias (Magnolia Denudata and Liliflora).
In the middle of the nineteenth century, the beautiful Star Magnolia (Stellata) from Japan was planted in Europe.
The “queen of Magnolias”, the pink Magnolia Campbellii from the Himalaya, was discovered at the beginning of the last century.
Magnificent Magnolias in Perfumery
Magnolia flowers (Magnolia Grandiflora) frequently have a fragrance. Their perfume is creamy sweet with hints of citrus. Magnolia is a popular ingredient in floral perfume accords, and there have been some fragrances where Magnolia is the main floral ingredient.
‘Magnolias in Bloom’ by PAIRFUM
Here at PAIRFUM we are proud to have captured the essence of Magnolias in our fragrance ‘magnolias in bloom’:
A spring flowers accord with the fresh top note of ozone, soft white flower petals and a hint of watery melon. The heart is complex and floral with magnolia, lily, geranium, rose and violet, while the base shines with musks and warm rosewood.
‘Magnolias in Bloom’ is available in the following luxury scented candles and natural reed diffusers:
Reed Diffusers (petite, classic and large size and in the bell, cube and tower shapes)
Daffodils are considered one of the heralds of spring.
Their common name is Daffodil and their Latin, botanical name Narcissus. They are a bulb that is part of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae.
Planted between September and October the previous year, the bulb develops roots before the beautiful yellow and white flowers burst out the following spring from February to early May. They can be found in borders, containers but also parks and by the roadside.
Their typical height and spread are 5cm (2in) to 50cm (20in). They prefer sun or light shade and are an easy to grow bulb. The plant is very resistant and most sorts survive cold winters to flower for many years.
The flowers are either yellow or white, trumpet or star-shaped and grow on a long stalk with green leaves. In all, there are about 26 wild varieties but many hundreds of cultivated versions.
Mainly based on their flower form, Daffodils are categorised into 13 groups, mainly based on the form of their flower:
Trumpet: flowers with cups (the corona) that are longer than their petals
Large-cupped: with large cups but the corona is not longer than their perianth segments
Small-cupped: the flowers have small cups, much shorter than their petals
Double: double blooms, with a ruffled appearance, but no clear distinction between petals and cup
Triandrus: small-flowered daffodils with pendent blooms, up to five, which naturalise well in grass
Cyclamineus: small flowers with petals sweeping back from the cup (i.e. reflexed perianth). These are an early flowering species and naturalise well in grass
Jonquilla and Apodanthus: These are the fragrant varieties and they display up to five small flowers per stem
Tazetta: another fragrant variety with up to 20 small flowers per stem, with sadly some only half hardy
Poeticus: another variety that can be naturalised in grass. They have small cups with a contrasting colours to their large white petals
Bulbocodium: in this variety the cups are much larger than the petals and they are short, with delicate, rush-like leaves. They naturalise well in grass.
Split-corona (Collar or Papillon): they look like orchids, with a cup split into segments. In the papillon type (typically with a whorl split into six segments) the face appears flatter and more open.
Species daffodils (including wild narcissi): these small species grow well in rock gardens and pots
Miscellaneous: daffodils that do not fit any of the above groups
History of Daffodils
Daffodils originate from Southern Europe and North Africa, but some varieties can be found in Asia and China. Some claim that narcissus originated from Persia and was brought to China in the 8th century by travelling traders along the Silk Route.
The flower is linked to the Greek myth of Narcissus, who became so obsessed with his own reflection, that he knelt down to gaze into a pool of water. Sadly, he toppled into the water and drowned. The Narcissus plant sprang from where he died.
The name probably has its origin in the Greek word of ‘narke’, which became ‘narce’ under the Romans, meaning ‘numb’ and is a reference to its narcotic effect.
For more than a thousand years, Narcissus oil has been used for many different purposes, in both ancient Rome and the middle East:
Narcissinum was the name the Romans gave the fragrance they created using narcissus unguent.
In Arabia it was used in perfumery but also to cure baldness
In India, the oil of the narcissus (as well as fragrant oils of sandal, jasmine, and rose), is utilised during ritual cleaning before attending prayers.
The French used it as a scent in early cosmetics (powders, soaps and lipsticks) but they also treated epilepsy and hysteria with it
In China narcissus is associated with good fortune and gain. Even today, narcissus remains as a symbol of awakening and hope.
The oil was historically extracted through a technique called ‘enfleurage’, whereby the individual petals are placed on plate of lard. The fat draws the oil from the petal and after a few days the petals are replaced by fresh ones. This is repeated until the lard is saturated with oil. At this stage it is called the ‘pomade’. The pomade is then filtered and distilled to produce the oil.
Nowadays, the oil is typically extracted using volatile solvents. About 500 kg of flowers are required to produce 1 kilogram of concrete or 300 g of absolute. ‘Concrete’ and ‘Absolute’ refer to different stages of refinement of the natural extract. It explains, however, why natural narcissus oil is so precious and expensive.
Today, the major quantities of natural narcissus essential oil are produced in the Netherlands and in France.
The main varieties used for oil extraction are Narcissus poeticus, Narcissus tazetta and Narcissus jonquill.
Have you tried smelling a Daffodil or wondered what this wonderful member of the Narcissus family smells like?
Most hybrid and over-bred bulbs you find in some Garden Centres today (and there are several hundred cultivated varieties) will not produce a fragrance and yet there are many wild daffodil varieties (around 26) that are marvelously fragrant. This means in turn there are many different scents and yet the typical olfactive profile associated with Narcissus reads as follows:
heady floral with sweet and green nuances.
The scent of narcissus oil is strong and rich. It reminiscent of dark green leaves with traces of hyacinth and jasmine.
We have also been able to smell some varieties that were ‘spicy’ and others with ‘musky’ or ‘vanillic’ tonalities.
Narcissus would generally be classified as a ‘green-floral’, together with hyacinth and lily of the valley.
Daddodil Fields in Great Windsor Park
If you would like to experience the joys of spring, feast your eyes on an acres of daffodils in the wind and actually smell some beautiful daffodils, then head over to ‘Great Windsor Park’ (near Windsor).
The fields of yellow you will enjoy, perfectly illustrate this poem by William Wordsworth:
I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o’er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host of dancing daffodils Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze
Daffodils in Home Fragrance
Here at PAIRFUM we don’t have a true Daffodil fragrance but our ‘Trail of White Petals’ contains Daffodil oil and this floral perfume has the sweet and green nuances typically associated with Narcissus. Trail of White Petals is available in perfumed candles, natural reed diffusers, perfume room sprays and many other products.
Bring the scent of spring into your home with Daffodils !
There is nothing more enjoyable than a PAIRFUM Flowerwax Candle or Reed Diffuser in ‘Trail of White Petals’, spreading the scent of spring in your home.
Daffodils & Narcissus in Perfumery
Here in the gallery below you can see a few perfumes where the narcissus plays a prominent role in the fragrance accord.
You will notice that we have included both classical fragrances, e.g. Nacisse Noir by Caron for women, and also modern interpretations, e.g. Eau de Narcisse Bleu by Hermès, for both women and men.
As you can see ‘Daffodils’ or ‘Narcissus’ are quite clearly fragranced and they play a prominent role in perfumery.
Sadly, through breeding many varieties we see today have lost their scent.
Should you be passing Windsor Great Park in the UK in Spring, we invite you to visit the fields full of Daffodils. It is a feast not just for your eyes but also your nose.
Today, the 22nd of April, is “Earth Day” around the world and in its honour, people are sharing their passion & support for our wonderful planet with inspirational photos.
This year’s theme is “protect our species” and it is the 49th celebration of this day.
Perfumery, Nature and our Planet are intrinsically linked, which is why this day is very close to our hearts here at Pairfum London.
We would therefore invite everybody to celebrate the beauty of our planet today through your noses!
On a few occasions today, we invite you to slow down for a second and to look at what is next to you:
Take in the beauty of what you see and ‘nosy’ around to take in the scents that are close to you.
This is Earth Day through the eyes (or nose) of a Perfumer.
In this post and as one way to illustrate the close link between perfumery and our dear planet, we have linked images of individual fragrance ingredients with their olfactive groups, i.e. a visual ‘bridge’ between nature and perfume.
After a cold winter, barren of colour and fragrance, we all embrace the joys of Spring when Easter arrives and brings with it the smells and sights of a new season: the Flower Fragrances of Easter.
It is a time of renewal, a time to refresh and a time to start dreaming of those lazy hazy summer days that uplift our mood.
For many today, Easter is dominated by chocolate eggs and as perfumers our thoughts immediately turn toward fragrances with cocoa. However, Easter is also a time to connect with family, start planning activities and throw off the winter clothes to connect more with the outdoors and nature, which naturally leads into the scents and colours of a new season.
The sights, smells and fragrances of Easter greet us like an old friend.
What are your favourite Flower Fragrances of Easter?
Below we present some of the flower fragrances of Easter that get our senses excited for Spring. We are also sharing with you the wonderful fragrances we at Pairfum London have created to bring Spring in to your home to help you create the perfect Easter & Spring atmosphere.
We hope that the flower fragrances of Easter inspire you for the season ahead.
Easter Lilies, whose scientific name is Lilium Longiflorum, are perhaps the best-known type of lily and one that we would all recognise.
Easter lilies are native to Japan. World War I soldier Louis Houghton brought Easter Lily bulbs home to share with fellow gardeners in 1919 and the popularity of the flower has grown quickly.
Lilies have held a significant place in world history because of their aroma, grace and beauty. From ancient Crete to the flower shop down the street, people always regard the lily as “the pure flower.”
There are few rivals when it comes to the stunningly beautiful fragrance of Lilies. The exquisite perfume and wonderful flowers certainly lift spirits as we enter Spring.
Daffodils are considered the first heralds of Spring time. They are also known as Narcissus and Jonquil. Narcissus being the botanical name for this bulbous plant of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae!
The stunning daffodil originates from Southern Europe and North Africa, but some varieties can be found in Asia and China. The flower is linked to the Greek myth of Narcissus who became obsessed with his own reflection, that he knelt to gaze in to a pool of water where he toppled in to the water and drowned. The narcissus plant sprang up where he died.
The fragrance of the daffodil is light, cool, and spring-like in its notes. The scent is often sweet, captivating, and unique to only daffodils. These are fragrances that have been treasured since ancient times and ones that remind us of new life and Spring.
The Crocus name is derived from the Latin crocatus which means saffron yellow. The flower has three stigmas and parts of it are often dried and used in cooking as a seasons or colour agent. It is native to Southern Europe and Asia. There are about 80 species of crocus and was first cultivated in Greece.
Crocuses that bloom early in spring have cheerful heads, reminding us that Spring is around the corner. With so many varieties to choose from you can have an abundant array of colour and fragrance which is sweet and luminous.
The Tulip was originally cultivated in Turkey and then imported in to Holland in the sixteenth century. They became popular in 1592 through a book by Carolus Clusius. Indeed, they became so popular they created an economic bubble known as Tulip Mania!
The scent of Tulips cannot be mistaken. The fragrance is fresh – fresh like the ozone! It also has hints of floral with a base of warm honey and musk. It is almost like nature was making perfume herself within tulips!
The stunningly beautiful Bluebell is another sign of Spring time with the vast spread of tiny blue flowers dazzling around parks and gardens. This beautiful flower is a protected species in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
Also known as wood bells, fairy flowers and wild hyacinth, they have carpeted our woods, and parks for many years. In a 2015 Spring poll by botanical charity Plantlife, bluebells were voted the favourite wild flower of England.
Unfortunately, Blue Bell’s cannot be harvested but we can still enjoy the sweet fragrance when we are out walking. Bluebells are usually at their best during the morning time, making it a fantastic time to visit the woods or parks or when there is some sunshine allowing their scent to waft through the air.
Spring Fragrance by Pairfum London
These are just five of the fragrances of Easter which fill our homes, our gardens, and our parks. If you would like to fill your home with the stunning fragrance of white lilies and daffodils, we at Pairfum London are delighted that our fragrance Trail of White Petals includes these stunning ingredients and is available in our range of Home Fragrances (candles, reed diffusers, room sprays, fabric sprays,…).
Choosing the right perfume for your home to herald the arrival of Spring can be difficult. So, … take the guess work out by ordering the luxury fragrance of Trail of White Petals in your favourite product from our online boutique.
When admiring the winning or commended photographs, we noticed how some of them created ‘fragrant images’ for us here at Pairfum and we wanted to share some of these ‘olfactive photos’ with you.
Protea Banks, KwaZulu
The image above was taken in Protea Banks, KwaZulu – Natal, South Africa by Pier Many (photographer) and he said this about his image: “Protea Banks is an underwater reef on the east coast of South Africa that is under consideration for protected area status. Amazing creatures such as this cephea (or crown) jellyfish live there. It was the biggest jellyfish I’ve ever seen, over one metre in diameter. Its purple head and yellow fuselage were simply amazing. With no background objects present to provide perspective, and wishing to exalt this crown jellyfish with its stunning colours, majestic size and dancing elegance, I opted to purposefully crop the jellyfish to fill the frame.”
For us this image created the vivid fragrance of the sea, with its aquatic & salty nuances, its marine minearals, the notes of sea weed and algae. We regularly incorporate these elements in our notes and we particularly liked about this image that marine notes are frequently only displayed a ‘blue’ images whereas this image is displays the most vivid colours.
Namib Desert, Namibia
Here are the comments of Tom Putt (the photographer) about his marvellous photo: “Flying low over the endless sand dunes of the Namib Desert, I noticed the cloud cover provided this interesting play of light on the landscape. When the sun heats up the dunes, it draws the black minerals to the surface. When I came to process the image, the stunning colours revealed themselves.”
We believe this image perfectly captures the essence of ‘oriental notes’, their warmth & richness, the depth of their accord and sensuous nature.
Storvatnet, Flakstadøya, Lofoten, Norway
This is what Daniel Laan, the photographer says about his image: “Stjerntinden is a sheer-walled 930m peak rising from the often frozen and snow-covered Storvatnet lake. Along its shoreline the ice is punctured by unyielding rocks, which create tiny ice caves. I decided to put my camera inside this particular one because its curvy roof and virgin snow complemented the inhospitable background so well. However, therein lay the main challenge. I put the camera in from the front, facing out, but had no idea of the composition. I carefully turned the focus ring each shot with a view to making a final focus stacked image. I then lifted the camera for the final frame to reveal more of the mountain and fill the entirety of the cave mouth.”
It conjures up the salty but beautifull fresh, clean ozonic note of ice and outdoor ions.
El Capitan, Yosemite National Park, California, USA
The comments of Alex Palmer (photographer) “Two climbers approach El Cap Tower on the The Nose route on El Capitan. I was taking a day off from the route that my partner and I were attempting on the West Face of El Capitan. We headed down to the meadow opposite the peak to watch the climbers on the wall and get some images. The hardest thing I’ve found about photographing this rock face is to get any idea of how vast it really is. I spotted two climbers* approaching the El Cap Tower feature and just started to snap photos. When I zoomed in to preview the images, I was really pleased with the scale and atmosphere they showed.”
Do stones have a scent? Have you ever taken the time to smell one?
Try it and you will be surprised by the variety of fragrances that you pick up. The sheer cliff face certainly triggered a memory of an earthy, sun-bleached rock face for us.
Grand Union Canal, Olton, Solihull, England
Chris Fletcher said this about his photo:”This shot was taken handheld using the diffused sunrise light to soften the subject and surrounding woodland. This helped to bring out the colour of the autumn leaves and of the boat. I regularly explore the canal network in the West Midlands and in autumn the atmosphere and colour of the waterways offer fantastic scenes to capture. The composition was made easy by the diagonal positioning of the canal and towpath, which gave me a natural rule of thirds image.”
Here in Europe and London in particular, this image conjures up the memories of moist woody notes from walks in the forest in Autumn. Add to this watery, green notes of the canal and you can see how this images creates a beautifully complex note.
Wyming Brook, Peak District, England
Jay Birmingham about his shot: “I had gone to Wyming Brook in the Peak District to try to capture some landscape shots. Struggling to find any unique angles, I cast my eyes over the smaller features around me and spotted, in the middle of the water, a small mossy island with a solitary bonnet mushroom growing on it. Even better, there was a small waterfall just behind. I crouched as low down in the water as I could to position the mushroom in front of the waterfall, and then used a neutral density filter to capture the path of the water swirling through this beautiful micro landscape.”
“Oakmoss” is also known as ‘Mousse de Chene’ or ‘Treemoss’. For many people this terms does not trigger an olfactive memory and yet it is a very prominent ingredient in perfumery, such as “Mitsouko” by Guerlain, its role within the ‘Chypre Accord’ or its presence within the ‘Fougère’ Olfactive Group,
For us the image below captures the note of Oakmoss wonderfully: earthy rich, inky bitter, evocative of a sensually damp but woody oak forest, with hints of musky and amber.
Do you find that photos have the power to create ‘olfactive images’ for you? Which images are the most potent for you?
Sadly today the World lost one of its ‘Great Masterpieces’, the Original, the Unique, the ever Changing Karl Lagerfeld. A fashion designer, a creative director, an artist, photographer, Cat lover and caricaturist. He has left behind a legacy and body of work, few will ever be able to emulate.
We here at PAIRFUM London would like to honour the great man by remembering some of the wonderful quotes that shine a light on his unrepeatable personality.
Here are 10 of his most memorable quotes:
Style in his words: “Chic is a kind of mayonnaise, either it tastes, or it doesn’t.”
About himself: “Everything I say is a joke. I am a joke myself.”
His tongue in cheek quote about beauty: “Life is not a beauty contest, some [ugly people] are great.”
His view on furniture: “The most important piece in the house is the garbage can.”
His take on the W.W.W. : “I don’t do internet, I don’t do Facebook. I have to sketch, I have to play with Choupette [his cat], I have to sleep. The day is too short for that.”
On work: “Work is making a living out of being bored.”
On being asked about tattoos: “I think tattoos are horrible.”
On Dress or should we say Business Sense: “I remember a designer who said that intelligent women don’t wear her dresses. Obviously, she went bankrupt.”
On style: “Don’t dress to kill, dress to survive.”
On Coco Chanel: “What I’ve done, Coco Chanel would never have done. She would have hated it”
Some Special Quotes, that we could not leave out:
On his ego: “I’m very much down to Earth. I’m just not from this Earth.”
On his bedroom: “If you see it you will think about everything except sex, because it is the unsexiest room ever. I love unsexy bedrooms.”
Here at Pairfum London, our thoughts and sympathies are with his family and friends.
The worlds of fashion and fragrance is a poorer place without you Mr. Lagerfeld. It will take a giant to fill your exquisitely crafted designer shoes.